Overview of oral bone graft surgery: Purpose and procedure

A bone loss to the jaws is one of the most complex consequences of a missing tooth that starts to appear as soon as a tooth is lost and when the stimulation for bone growth developed by the force of chewing can no longer occur. Due to this problem, the width of the bone can diminish by 25% or more in the first year after tooth loss. Excessive bone loss can affect your mouth in several ways, and may also limit your options for tooth replacement. Fortunately, dentists can perform an oral bone graft surgery with materials that alleviates new bone growth in the missing tooth site. 

But, what exactly is an oral bone graft surgery? What is the procedure?

Bone grafting is basically a minor surgical method that is done in a dental clinic. 

A small cut is made in the gum to have access to the bone beneath it, and further, the grafting material is added to it. Often the material used is processed bone minerals around which the body will deposit new bone cells. The oral bone grafting materials can come from your own body, but oftentimes, it is bone from a donor that has been treated in a laboratory to make it safe and sterile. On the other hand, the material can also be a synthetic substance. 

The grafting materials are available in different forms including putty, granules, gel, and powder that are then injected to the gums through a syringe. The graft, that is covered by a collagen membrane for bone repair then acts as a frame onto which your body will build a new bone. 

What to expect during and after the surgery?

The procedure for placing an oral bone graft generally requires local anesthesia or sedatives for a higher state of relaxation. Because a small cut is made in the gum tissue to get the bone that will undergo the graft, you may or may not experience some soreness in that area after the surgery. The soreness, or the pain, however, can be managed by over-the-counter medications and pain relievers. You can also use ice therapy to get quick pain relief after the procedure. 

Any type of discomfort is it pain or soreness should only last a day, and then over the next few months, your mouth will replace the graft with its own bone, thereby reversing the decline of the bone quantity that you’ve experienced. 

In summary:

Bone loss can severely harm your oral health, and can even cause you to look a bit older than you actually are. But, with oral bone graft surgery, the lost bone can again be regenerated and strengthened with benefits to both- your oral health and overall appearance. 

So, if you or someone in your family is facing issues of bone loss and needs an oral bone graft surgery then you must contact the best dentists in Bristol without any delay and ask if or not grafting will be the best solution for you. However, before contacting just any random dentist, make sure you do their background check and ensure to take your final decision very carefully.